California is one of the most important states in the United States. Geographically located in the western part of the U.S. California is bordered by the other U.S. states of Oregon to the north, Nevada to the east, and Arizona to the southeast. It is the third largest state by area in U.S. The state capital is Sacramento.
Los Angeles is California's most populous city and the country's second largest after New York City. Important Universities are University of California (UC), California State University. Notable private universities are Stanford University, the University of Southern California, the California Institute of Technology, and the Claremont Colleges. Most of the state's total surface area is covered by forests. Diversity of pine species is seen in California. California contains more forestland next to Alaska.